APAKAH AKTIVITAS HITUNG GERAKAN JANIN MEMICU KECEMASAN IBU HAMIL?
Keywords:kecemasan, hitung gerakan janin, kunjungan antenatal
Background: Fetal movement count was developed as a self-screening activity for pregnant women to monitor fetal activity, to monitor decrease fetal movement, and finally reduce perinatal mortality. However, this activity may trigger anxiety in pregnant women and increase unnecessary antenatal visits. Aims: to identify the change of anxiety among pregnant women who perform fetal movement count. Methods: this study used a pre-experimental design to measure the level of anxiety among 33 pregnant women with gestational age renge from 28 to 37 weeks who perform daily fetal movement count for 3 weeks. Maternal anxiety was measured with the Beck Anxiety Inventory in 4 periods, namely before intervention, soon after intervention, after 2 weeks of intervention, after 3 weeks of intervention and analyzed using Friedman test. Results: there was a significant change in anxiety level among pregnant women after performing fetal movement count (p<0,001), expecially soon after intervention (p-0,001) and 3 weeks after intervention (p=0,001). Conclusion: counting fetal movement reduces anxiety among pregnant woment at the last trimester. The schedule of antenatal visit among pregnant women does not change after fetal movement counting. Further researches are needed to assess the influence of fetal movement counting on other pregnancy outcomes, including perinatal mortality.
Keywords: anxiety, fetal movement count, antenatal visits.
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